Most commonly, they use reinforced pile.
For e.g., Bandra Worli sea link. The foundations for the BWSL’s cable-stayed bridges consist of 120 reinforced concrete piles of 2,000 mm (6.6 ft) diameter. Those for the viaducts consist of 484 piles of 1,500 mm (4.9 ft). These 604 piles were driven between 6m and 34m into the substrata in geotechnical conditions that varied from highly weathered volcanic material to massive high strength rocks.