Due to the auspicious attribute of concrete, such as durability, availability, versatility, good compressive strength, it is one of the most commonly used building materials throughout the world. The demand for infrastructural facilities is increasing day by day, which creates tremendous pressure on concrete as well as on natural aggregates. Apparently, it becomes unavoidable to look for alternative materials. On the other hand, the disposal of stone dust generated from stone crusher is becoming a problem.
Substituting sand by stone dust will serve the waste management as well as the alternative material in concrete. The present research aims to find out the strength aspect of concrete by using stone dust as a partial replacement of sand. The test specimens were made from three different grades of concrete i.e., mix ratios 1: 1.5: 3, 1: 2: 4, 1: 2.5: 5, and both compressive as well as tensile strength tests were conducted. The basic strength properties of concrete were investigated by replacing natural sand by stone dust at replacement levels of 0%, 10%, 20%, 30%, 40%, 50% & 60%.
For the different grades of concrete studied, the value of the compressive strength is observed to be maximum at a 30% replacement level of sand. In contrast, the maximum tensile strength occurs at a 20% replacement level. The result shows that the maximum increase in compressive and tensile strength is 15% and 12%, respectively, in comparison to normal concrete (0% sand replacement level) for the concrete mix-ratio 1: 1.5: 3.
cubes to study the strength of concrete made of crushed rock material, and the results were compared with the natural sand concrete. Compressive strength was determined at seven days and 28 days using M20 and M30 grade concrete with and without using quarry dust. From the test results, it was found that the compressive strength concrete made of crushed rock material is nearly 13% more than the conventional concrete.
The performance of concrete using stone dust as a replacement to sand. Sand was replaced by quarry dust from 0 to 100% at an increment of 25%. Compressive strength and tensile strength tests were conducted using 43 grade OPC in M20 concrete. Compressive strength was computed at the age of 7 days, 28 days, and 60 days. From the test results, he observed that all the mixes except 50% replacement achieved the target strength.
The stone dust decreases the workability of concrete due to the larger portions of fine particles. 11 At 75% of sand replacement, the percentage of increase in compressive and tensile strength was 40 and 28 compared with the reference mix, respectively. The unit weight increases with an increase in the percentage of replacement of sand. He concluded that sand could be replaced by stone dust available locally without affecting the strength of concrete.